Producer:  Priyanka Das Editor: Sujata Singh

9 Countries That Changed Names

Amid speculation whether India would be renamed as ‘Bharat’, here is a list of countries that have changed their official name.

Turkey to Turkiye

Turkey informed the United Nations in June 2022 that it wishes to be called “Turkiye” in all languages. The name was changed to rectify the country’s image and make it more attached to the cultural roots etched in Turkish history.

Holland to Netherlands

 The Dutch government decided to change its name from Holland to the Netherlands, as part of an attempted update of its global image. 

Czech Republic to Czechia

The Czech Republic came to be known as “Czechia” from earlier this year to make it easier for companies and sports teams to use it on products and clothing. 

Burma to Myanmar

The country was traditionally called Burma, after the dominant Burman ethnic group, for generations. But in 1989, military leaders suddenly changed its name to Myanmar.

Ceylon to Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka changed its name to break from colonial associations in 1972, when Ceylon was proclaimed a republic and became independent from British rule.

Kampuchea to Cambodia

Though Cambodia never changed its name, but the current name is derived from the Kampuchea, the English transliteration of which is Cambodia.

Swaziland to Eswatini

In April 2018, King Mswati III announced that the Kingdom of Swaziland had been renamed as the Kingdom of Eswatini. The name of Swaziland was also changed to avoid confusion with Switzerland.

Republic of Macedonia to Republic of North Macedonia

In 2019, the Republic of Macedonia officially changed its name to became the Republic of North Macedonia. However, the country said that its citizens should continue to be called “Macedonians,” not “North Macedonians.”

Persia to Iran

The present-day Iran was traditionally known as Persia. However, when Reza Shah became the new king, the country was renamed as Iran in 1935 to signify a new beginning.